Kentucky Board of Hairdressers and Cosmetologists
(As Amended at ARRS, January 8, 2018)
RELATES TO: KRS[
STATUTORY AUTHORITY: KRS 317A.060[
NECESSITY, FUNCTION, AND CONFORMITY: KRS
317A.060 and 317B.020(3) authorize the Kentucky State Board of Hairdressers and
Cosmetologists to regulate the practice of cosmetology, nail technology, and
esthetics in Kentucky and establish[
uniform] standards for the course
and conduct of school owners, instructors, apprentice instructors, licensed
cosmetologists, nail technicians, beauty salons, nail salons, cosmetology
schools, and estheticians to protect the health and safety of the public[ sanitation].
This administrative regulation establishes sanitation standards for all licensed
Section 1. General Sanitation. The entire licensed facility, including all equipment, employees, and implements contained in the facility, shall be continually maintained in a sanitary manner.
Section 2. Methods of Sanitizing. (1) All[
implements[ to be] used on the public shall be sanitized. Each method of
sanitation shall be bacteriologically effective.
(2) A commercially prepared sanitizing
agent or disinfectant shall be used in accordance with the
manufacturer’s instructions. An approved sanitizing agent or disinfectant shall
(a) Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)
registered bactericidal, virucidal and fungicidal disinfectant that is
approved for use in hospital settings and used in accordance with the instruction
label for dilution ratio and contact time; or[
Protection Agency]registered Sodium Hypochlorite 5.25
percent or higher (household bleach) product used in accordance with the instructions
for disinfection and dilution on the label. Bleach shall[ must]
be active (not expired) with a manufacture date of less than six (6) months
prior to use.
Section 3. Chemical Safety. All chemicals used in a licensed facility shall be:
(1) Transported and stored in accordance with the manufacturer’s label;
(2) Stored in original containers in
locked cabinets that are[
. They may]
not[ be stored] in public spaces or bathrooms;
May only be]
Mixed and applied to individuals as specifically instructed by the manufacturer’s
label, including patch tests; and
Discarded according to the manufacturer’s label and, if[ where]
applicable, local, state, and federal rules.
of Implements and Spills; Blood and Body Fluids. (1) Each implement and surface
used in a licensed facility shall first be thoroughly cleaned prior to
(a) Disinfectants shall be prepared fresh daily and each time the solution becomes diluted or soiled.
(b) Contact Time. To clean a surface, it shall be left wet or completely immersed for ten (10) minutes or longer as required by the manufacturer for disinfecting against HIV, HBV, and all other viruses, bacteria, and fungi.
(c) Any nonporous surface that comes in contact with blood or body fluids shall first be cleaned with warm soapy, detergent water, and then an appropriate disinfectant shall be used.
(2) All used implements shall first be cleaned of visible dirt, debris, or bodily fluids with warm soapy, detergent water and then disinfected by completely immersing in an appropriate disinfectant.
nonporous] implements that
come into contact with intact skin, blood, or bodily fluids shall be
thoroughly cleaned before immersion in an appropriate disinfectant.[ An appropriate
disinfectant for objects that come into contact with intact skin shall be: 1. An Environmental Protection Agency
registered, hospital grade bactericidal (especially pseudomonacidal),
virucidal, and fungicidal that is mixed and used according to the
manufacturer’s directions; or 2. Household bleach in a ten (10)
percent solution for ten (10) minutes.]
All nonporous implements which
have come in contact with blood or body fluids shall be thoroughly cleaned
before immersion in an appropriate disinfectant. An appropriate disinfectant
shall include: 1. Environmental Protection Agency
registered tuberculocides or products registered against HIV/HBV; or 2. Household bleach in a ten (10)
percent solution for ten (10) minutes. (c)] For personal protection
against blood-borne pathogens, cleanup shall be done wearing protective gloves
and gowns. Eye protection shall be used for large spills.
(d) All implements that have come in
contact with blood or body fluids shall be disinfected by complete immersion in
an appropriate disinfectant. (3) Any nonporous surface that comes
in contact with blood or body fluids shall first be cleaned with warm soapy,
detergent water, and then an appropriate disinfectant shall be used. (a) An appropriate disinfectant for
surfaces that have come in contact with blood or body fluids shall include: 1. Environmental Protection Agency
registered tuberculocides or products registered against HIV/HBV; or 2. Household bleach in a ten (10)
percent solution for ten (10) minutes. (b) For personal protection against
blood-borne pathogens, cleanup shall be done wearing protective gloves and
gowns. Eye protection shall be used for large spills. (4) Household bleach may be used as an
effective disinfectant for all purposes in a salon or school, with the
considerations listed in this subsection. (a) Bleach solutions shall be mixed
daily and used in a ten (10) to one (1) solution, nine (9) parts tap water and
one (1) part bleach. (b) Bleach shall be kept in a closed
covered container and not exposed to sunlight. (c) Bleach may produce eye irritation
or mouth, esophageal, and gastric burns. (d) Bleach is corrosive to metals. (e) Bleach vapors might react with
vapors from other chemicals, and therefore shall not be placed or stored near
other chemicals used in salons (i.e. acrylic monomers, alcohol, other
disinfecting products), or near a flame. (f) Used or soiled bleach solution
shall be discarded every day by pouring the solution down a sink basin or
(5)] A[ bottle]
container other than the original manufacturer`s container used for application
of appropriate disinfectant shall be properly labeled as to contents,
percentage solution, and date mixed.
(6)] Cleanup items from
minor cuts or items containing blood or other bodily fluids shall be
double bagged or placed in biohazard containers. A licensee shall consult with
the local health department for directions about disposal of biohazard
(5) Styptics to arrest bleeding shall be used only in liquid or powder form and shall be applied by clean gauze, cotton, or any other sanitary item.
(6) All Food and Drug Administration (FDA)
designated "medical devices" shall only be disinfected by
Environmental Protection Agency]approved
disinfectants in accordance with the manufacturer’s instructions.
(8 Environmental Protection
Agency approved disinfectants are indicated by their registration number on the
product label and the manufacturer’s directions for use shall always be
followed.] All esthetics facilities shall[ will]
employ a sharp’s[ Sharps] disposal
container as needed for disposal of hazardous materials.
Procedures. (1) Shampoo Bowls. All shampoo bowls[ , shampoo boards, cups,]
or similar items shall be sanitized after each use.
(2) Towel warmers shall[
be disinfected daily using sanitizing wipes or a spray and left open to allow
the warmer to dry completely.
(3) Towels used in a towel warmer both
wet and dry shall[
washed daily and replaced.
(4) Electrical equipment that provides
circulating, whirlpool, or vacuum effects including a microdermabrasion or
facial machine and a pedicure station shall[
be[ : (a)] cleaned
and disinfected after each use by removing all movable parts by:
(a)1. Filling, circulating, cleaning, and disinfecting with the use of hospital grade disinfectant; or
2. The ten (10) percent bleach solution that is circulated through the machine for the minimum time recommended by the manufacturer; and
Rinsing and air drying, or wiping dry with a clean cloth or paper
(5) A nail drill or body treatment equipment shall be:
(a) Cleaned and disinfected after each use by removing all movable parts; and
(b)1. Flushed, cleaned, and disinfected bi-weekly with the use of hospital grade disinfectant; or
2. The ten (10) percent bleach solution circulated through the machine for the minimum time recommended by the manufacturer.
(6) Heated electrical equipment, such as a thermal iron shall be sanitized by the heat source. Unheated parts of heated electrical equipment shall be cleaned and disinfected according to the manufacturer’s recommendations.
(7) All other electrical equipment, including clippers and attachments, shall be cleaned and disinfected after each use by:
(a) Removing hair and all foreign matter from the equipment; and
(b) Completely saturating the clipper blade and attachment with an EPA-registered high-level disinfectant solution, spray, or foam used according to the manufacturer’s instructions.
(8) All nonporous items to be used on
multiple clients shall[
be cleaned and disinfected after use.
(9) Drill bits shall[
be soaked in acetone to remove product, scrubbed, and soaked in disinfectant
for full contact time.
(10) All nonelectrical items required
to be cleaned and disinfected after each use including,[
limited to,] combs, brushes, shears, hair clips, hair
rollers, pushers, nippers, and plastic or[ /]
metal spatulas shall be cleaned and disinfected. All multi-use items
shall[ must] be stored in
clean, covered container marked "disinfected" or "ready to use".
(11) Wax pots shall[
be completely cleaned and disinfected when the wax is contaminated or debris is
visible through the following steps:
(a) Wax shall[
be emptied and disposed of properly;
(b) Pots shall[
must] be washed with detergent and rinsed;
(c) All pot surfaces shall[
be wiped or sprayed with EPA- registered disinfectant following
manufacturer’s guidelines for contact time;
(d) Pots shall be air dried or wiped dry with a clean paper towel;
(e) New wax shall[
always be used and pots shall[ pot must]remain
covered at all times; and
(f) Paraffin wax shall[
be portioned out to prevent contamination between clients and disposed of
(12) Any item that may not[
be cleaned and disinfected is considered single use and shall[ must]
be disposed of after each use. This includes[ , but is not
limited to,] nail files or[ /]
emery boards made of any material except metal or glass, all cotton,
buffing blocks, pumice stones, wooden cuticle pushers, slipper shoes, toe
separators, wooden spatulas, neck strips, and paper coverings.
Protection of Neck. (1) A shampoo apron, hair cloth, or similar article shall
not be placed directly against the neck of the patron, and shall be kept from
direct contact with the patron by means of a paper neck band or clean towel.
(2) A neck band of paper[
shall not be used more than once.
(3) A towel or cloth shall not be used more than once without proper laundering.
6]. Use of
Creams. (1) A cream or other semi-solid substance shall be removed from its
container with a clean, sanitized spatula.
(2) A spatula made of a washable
nonabsorbent material shall be sanitized before re-use[
Use of Styptics. Styptics
to arrest bleeding shall be used only in liquid or powder form and shall be
applied by clean gauze, cotton, or any other sanitary item.] Special
Solution Containers. Single use product containers shall be used to
prevent the contamination of unused solution. All leftover product shall be
disposed of, not re-used.
Section 9. Use of Powder. Powder shall be dispensed from a shaker or similar receptacle and shall be applied with a disposable puff, or cotton pledget, or other disposable applicator.
Section 10. Walls and Floors. Walls,
floors, and fixtures shall be kept sanitary and[
kept] clean at
Section 11. Trash Containers and
Debris. (1) All trash containers shall[
have solid sides, a lid or cover, and a liner shall[ must]
always be used. Lids shall[ must]
(2) All hair and debris shall[
be swept up immediately following each client and placed in the closed trash
Laundering Methods. (1) All cloth towels, robes, and similar items shall be
laundered in a washing machine with laundry detergent and chlorine bleach used
according to the manufacturer’s directions for sanitation purposes.
(2) Laundry may be done through a commercial laundry service.
(2)] A closed,
dustproof cabinet shall be provided for clean towels and linen, and a closed, side
vented[ dustproof] hamper or receptacle shall be provided for all
soiled towels and linens.
12]. Personal Hygiene.
(1) Every person licensed or permitted by the board shall thoroughly cleanse
his or her hands with soap and water or an alcohol-based hand sanitizer of
at least seventy (70) percent alcohol[ handrub] immediately before
serving each patron.
(2) Hand sanitizer shall be made
available for use by patrons at each nail station in the licensed facility[
licensee shall wear a clean washable outer garment while serving a patron in a
(3) A cosmetology[
instrument or implement shall not be carried or stored in a pocket, belt,
apron, or smock.
Section 14. Prohibited Items. The
following sanitation methods and cosmetology practices shall be[
(1) Methyl Methacrylate acid (MMA);
(2) Isobornyl Methacrylate (IBMA);
(3) Blades for cutting the skin;
(4) UV Sterilizers;
(5) Roll on wax;
(6) Waxing of nasal hair;
(7) Any product banned by the FDA; and
(8) Live fish, leeches, snails and other living creatures for use in any cosmetic service.
R. KAY SWANNER, Board Chair
APPROVED BY AGENCY: November 15, 2017
FILED WITH LRC: November 15, 2017 at noon
CONTACT PERSON: Julie M. Campbell, Board Administrator, 111 St. James Ct. Ste A. Frankfort, Kentucky 40601, phone (502) 564-4262, fax (502) 564-0481, email firstname.lastname@example.org